Relief From Sanctions - The Pendulum Swings 29 April 2014 Zachary-Bredemear case report, court of appeal, cpr, evidence, Jackson reforms, practice direction, procedure (0) Two decisions delivered shortly before Easter suggest a change in the direction of the Mitchell pendulum. Chartwell Estate Agents Ltd v Fergies Properties SA  EWCA Civ 506 is a "must read" decision of the Court of Appeal. It concerns the failure to exchange witness statements. Both parties had failed to serve witness statements whilst a squabble about disclosure rumbled on. The judge found that the breach was not trivial and there was no "good reason" for the failure. But the trial date was not imperilled and the claim would be doomed if relief was not granted. Even though the Mitchell criteria were not satisfied the judge granted relief. The Court of Appeal upheld the decision, emphasising that the default of the defendants was a factor that took the case outside of the Mitchell "expectation" that relief would be refused. Kaneria v Kaneria  EWHC 1165 is a decision of Nugee J. The judge held that Robert v Momentum Services Ltd  EWCA Civ 299 remains good law and Mitchell does not apply to applications for extensions of time made before the expiry of the relevant deadline. Such an application still has to be judged against the post-Jackson overriding objective but the concern to enforce compliance with rules, practise directions and orders does not have a paramount status.